What is diabetes?
- passing large amounts of urine
- being extremely thirsty and drinking lots of fluids
- being tired
- having blurred vision
- having frequent skin infections and being slow to heal
- heart and circulation problems
- kidney disease
- eye problems, which can lead to blindness
- nerve damage to the lower limbs and other parts of the body
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Healthy eating tips for people with diabetes
Carbohydrates and the glycaemic index
Healthy, low GI food choices
- Milk and dairy foods – reduced or low fat varieties of milk and dairy foods are the best choices for people with diabetes.
- Bread – wholegrain, fruit loaf and sourdough.
- Breakfast cereals – traditional porridge, natural muesli and some high fibre varieties.
- Pasta and noodles – all varieties.
- Some varieties of rice – ‘Basmati’ and ‘Doongara’ varieties are moderate to low GI.
- Grains – barley, bulgur and semolina.
- Legumes – beans (e.g. baked beans, kidney beans, soy beans), peas and lentils.
- Fruit – apple, orange, pear, peach, grapes, kiwi fruit, banana, plums.
- Vegetables – most vegetables have low amounts of carbohydrate and therefore have little effect on your blood glucose levels. Vegetables with a significant amount of carbohydrate include potato, sweet potato, yams and sweet corn. Orange sweet potato, yams and sweet corn are the lower GI choices.
The role of dairy foods in diabetes
- Vitamins (A, D, B12 and riboflavin)
- Minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and zinc)
- One glass (250mL) of milk
- A tub (200g) of yogurt
- 2 slices (40g) of cheese
|Diabetes_Printable PDF.pdf||194.72 KB|
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